Like me, many think that Diego Rivera was the father of Mexican art; however, deeper connoisseurs of the subject think that Martínez deserves such title.
Born in Monterrey, Martínez showed his paintings skills being very Young, starting at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) at the age of 13. He studied there until he was 29 and moved to France to further his knowledge. Soon enough, critics around the globe considered him a very important artist.
The work from Martínez is almost exclusively devoted to the portrait of the descendants of the original people from Mexico. In his different paintings, we see every day life scenes and, for this, Martínez uses a palette of dull and ochre colors.
In a patriarchal society like Mexican (some say “male chauvinist society”), The indigenous woman from Tehuantepec, stands out due to the fact that the indigenous from that area were particularly matriarchal. In the painting, we see the strength and austerity of a young woman with her indigenous features: the prominent cheekbones, the thick lips, the dark skin and the eyes slightly closed as the Asians. The braided hair seems to be typical from the area of Tehuantepec and shows us the pride of the young for her roots